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Pacific Cabintery

Pacific Cabintery Vancouver Wa 98606

Glossary of Carpentry Terms

Commonly Used Carpentry Terms | Wood Species

When designing our carpentry these terms are used by our carpenters and designers:

Beadboard
Beadboard panels incorporates beaded, routed detail and conveys relaxed, casual styling.  Beaded styling adds texture and design to flat panel wood coverings, and is noticeably accentuated by glaze finishes.

Beaded Door
A vertical beaded texture on the recessed panel of a door on a flat panel cabinet door design.  The wood door frame is a simple design and constructed with cane and stick joinery.

Custom Carpentry
With custom cabinetry there is no limit to the choices of cabinet dimensions, shape, wood species, finish and special detailing.  Custom cabinetry allows customers an unlimited number of styling options in both their framed and frameless designs.  Custom cabinets are not as popular of a choice than semi-custom or stock cabinetry in the industry and are typically a more expensive option.

Flat Panel
A center panel that is recessed and includes a door or drawer design conveying Transitional, Shaker, or Arts and Crafts styling.

Framed Cabinets
The traditional framed cabinet incorporates a front frame around the cabinet opening to which the cabinet door is attached.  These are the most popular type of cabinets in the United States and are easier to install than frameless cabinetry because of their recessed end panels and rigid front frame.  Framed cabinets are available in Traditional and Full Overlay. Framed cabinet construction uses glue, staples and dowels, or screw construction.

Frameless Cabinets
Frameless, also called European-style cabinets, have no front frame. Cabinet doors are directly attached to the sides of the cabinet.  A more contemporary design, frameless cabinets allow unobstructed access to the cabinet interior, maximizing usable space.  Frameless cabinet construction utilizes pin and dowel construction.

Full Overlay
A cabinet door style that prominently features the door and drawer design by covering the face of the frame.

Glaze Finish
An additional furniture finish treatment that is applied to enhance a standard stain. Glaze finish evens out wood species variation and enhances door detail.

Glazes
Glazes are substances used to coat cabinetry that enhances the door detail, wood color and tone.  Glaze finish treatments have revolutionized the cabinet industry bringing home fashion to the forefront of consumers’ purchasing decision.  Glazes actually enhance and improve the beauty of the wood and the base finish color.  Glaze treatments and techniques can vary from heavy to light.

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)
MDF is an engineered wood offering an extremely tight and smooth surface.  MDF is the favored base material for laminating with thermofoils and melamine because of its consistency and stability.

Melamine Laminate
This is a hard durable material used on drawer and door surfaces to cover substrate of either particleboard or MDF.  All Melamine Laminate is durable, thicker than vinyl, and easy to clean.  Melamine laminate is also a material used for fabricating countertops.

Mullion Doors
Mullion doors have glass inserts as the center panel instead of the typical solid center panel for a more stylish appearance.  The glass inserts typically have horizontal and vertical dividing bars similar to those in windowpanes.

Flat Panel
A flat panel held inside the perimeter of a door recessed between the stiles and the rails.

Semi Custom
Semi-custom cabinets are a more affordable and standardized version of “custom cabinets” and are available in a wide variety of different sizes, shapes, wood species and finishes.  Semi-custom cabinetry provides customers a limited number of styling options in both their framed and frameless offerings that include such things as reduced depths, increased depths, matching interiors, inverted frames, etc.  There are fewer sales of semi-custom cabinets than those of stock cabinetry in the industry.

Soffit
A soffit or “bulkhead” is the area between the ceiling and the top of wall cabinets, usually 12″ high and extends out over the wall cabinets.

Solid Wood
A door with a solid wood center panel is made of boards that are joined or glued together to form the width of the center panel.  Because natural woods have variations in color and grain pattern from board to board, these variations will be apparent in a solid wood door.  A solid wood door is more expensive than a veneered door.

Stock Cabinets
Stock cabinetry provides customers a limited number of styling options in both their framed and frameless offerings.  Stock cabinets are also available in a number of different sizes, shapes, wood species and finishes.  Sales of stock cabinets comprise the bulk of sales in the industry compared to both custom and semi-custom cabinetry.

Thermofoil
Flexible, 100% solid-colored vinyl, with adhesive backing.  Thermofoil is applied to smooth, engineered wood or MDF which has been formed into a door, drawer or molding design.  Thermofoil’s solid, opaque coloration, and durability makes it easy to clean and maintain and is ideal for durable areas.

Traditional Overlay Styling
Overlay is the amount of front frame covered by the door and drawer. The exposed front frame is referred to as the “reveal.”  On Traditional Overlay cabinets the reveal is typically 1 inch.  The width of the front frame in Merillat Cabinetry is 1 1/2 inches.

Veneer
Veneers are intended to give the appearance of solid wood with lower cost.  A veneer is a thin piece (1/32 of an inch) of solid wood which is attached with glue to a substrate (usually “particleboard” in raised panel doors and “hardboard” in flat or recessed panel doors).  Veneered components are typically more uniform in finish and grain consistency. Veneered center panels in doors provide stability by minimizing its shrinking and expansion in dry and moist climates thereby eliminating cracking and splitting.

V-Groove
A door design with a grooved door or vertical beading. Works well to highlight finish techniques on cabinetry.

Vinyl Laminate
A material used on the interior of all cabinetry as well as most cabinet exterior end panel surfaces. Typically 2mm thick, it is very easy to clean. Vinyl can be used to wrap various cabinet components since it is thinner than melamine, while providing the highest degree of resistance to moisture and abrasions. The vinyl used in the interiors of Merillat cabinetry is natural wood-grain in appearance.

Types of Wood

Cherry
Cherry is an elegant, multi-colored hardwood that may contain small knots and/or pin holes with natural or light stains accent these color variations making a distinctive statement in a full kitchen.  Cherry wood will darken or “mellow” with age.  This mellowing is a natural occurrence and the benefit of owning a solid cherry kitchen.

Hickory
Hickory is a strong, open grained wood that is known for its wide variation in color. It is not uncommon to see doors or parts of doors that range in color from light to a deep brown when finished in light or natural stains. Darker finishes & stains will mildly tame these color variations. These characteristics are what makes each hickory kitchen unique and the preference of those who love wood.

Maple
Hard maple is a strong, close grained wood that is predominantly off-white in color; although it also contains light hues of yellow-brown and pink.  Maple can also contain knots or “birds-eyes” or “flames” in the wood grain that are truly unique. Hard maple occasionally contains light tan or small dark mineral streaks. Maple takes finishes quite well due to it’s light tone.

Oak
Red oak is a heavy, strong, open grained wood that has a range in color of white, yellow and pink.  Red oak is sometimes streaked with green, yellow and black mineral deposits and may contain some wide grain.

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